A3 EDITORIAL | Christopher Le Brun

A Symphony of Colour

Acclaimed British artist, Christopher Le Brun, returns to Berlin with a solo presentation filling Arndt Art Agency’s spaces with a symphony of colour. The title, “Now Turn the Page”, references the artist’s childhood experience with “talking books”. This conscious act of looking and listening continues to resonate with the artist and is the point of departure for his new body of work. Le Brun’s interest in multi-sensory engagement, paired with an enthusiasm for collaboration was the catalyst for this show. Pianist Annie Yim of MusicArt London was invited to hold a live discussion and piano recital upon the occasion of the opening. This unique concert gave each artist the opportunity to present their perspectives about artistic thought processes and musical structures by some of the great composers such as Scriabin, Schoenberg, Rachmaninov and Debussy.

In this exclusive A3 Editorial interview, Le Brun discusses the pursuit of authenticity through his work, the fundamental elements of painting and his strong connections to Berlin and the European tradition of painting.


Pianist Annie Yim and Christopher Le Brun

You are collaborating with the pianist Annie Yim for your exhibition opening. This brings me to the question about your interest in working with other people from other disciplines. Has this always been something you are fascinated with?
It is. I realised I enjoyed it when I first started printmaking, because the life of the painter is so solitary. But whether it is with a bronze foundry or an etching studio, you are working with highly skilled technicians. So I enjoy the collaborations. They help me to bring out my own ideas more fully.

So in these conversations that you have, you start to make discoveries?
There are so many possibilities that working with a particular medium like bronze or print, that the possibilities start to narrow down. And when you work with a specialist, they narrow down again. That may sound contradictory, but it’s the concentration that’s rewarding.


Christopher Le Brun, Matthias Arndt and Annie Yim

You have parameters.
Exactly. The limits give guidance.

Thats talking about technical ideas. But working with someone who is a musician, a pianist, how does that translate?
In a way it’s similar, because Annie is introducing me to elements of music that I have thought about for many years, enabling me to see new things which I had perhaps assumed or taken for granted. But she has actually been able to demonstrate their significance. She has proved to me the underlying sense of what I have been thinking about.

Galerie Arndt

Installation view: Now Turn the Page, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin 2017

And in turn it works the other way, that she perhaps also sees a watercolour in a different way, or looks at your brush strokes and compositions in a new light.
She noticed a very simple thing when she was in the studio. She saw that most of the paintings have these vertical marks, a sort of raining light or note motif, but then occasionally a horizontal motif appears, which I think of as a wave motif, like light striking on waves and always appears to imply distance. Whereas the standing motif is here and present like a figure, like something coming closer. So these two simplest of forms already between them suggest a vast range of space.

BRUN0030_Colour Study 25 2017_opt©Stephen White

Christopher Le Brun, “Colour Study 25” (2017), watercolour and acrylic on paper, 76 × 50 cm

The vertical motif feels a bit more urgent somehow.
Yes, even in the action of the arm to make the vertical strike is like a chopping action or a hammer blow, but to make the horizontal mark is like a waving or smoothing, or even soothing motion, so they do have a different psychological feel.

Regarding this new body of work shown at Arndt Art Agency, it feels like the show is anchored around this amazing almost 4.5 metre wide painting The Heralds Note. Was this work a central point for you in building the show?
Well I think the two key works are “The Herald’s Note” but also “Now Turn The Page”. They demonstrate two sides of what I do. So you could look at the “The Herald’s Note” almost like an encyclopaedic account of painting, what’s possible in shape, colour, texture, layering, covering, scale, line, activity and rhythm. So all of that’s in this painting. And you can also look at the works on paper, as it were, like the children of that big painting, like fragments of a totality. They are fragments that are complete in themselves but nevertheless they are events or passages that stand on their own from the big painting. So you can see that relationship.

And when you turn to “Now Turn the Page” that has apparently a very simple structure, because it is made of covering, so you see something almost like a list of one colour, of variations of one colour, that is pushed away from you with layers of off-white. Covering has come to have a great significance in my work, like an essential insight that once I discovered it has never been forgotten. That creates a very different atmosphere where you find yourself looking as it were through the surface into the painting in a searching or guessing way. Whereas in “The Heralds Note”, you barely need to search, you are organising the experience which is presented in abundance.

Galerie Arndt

Installation view: Now Turn the Page, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin 2017

Organising is an interesting word to use, but you also used the word rhythm that is obviously very pertinent to this show. This sense of musicality it not uncommon in your work. Would you say the rhythm and passages is a type of story-telling for you, or it is more experiential?
It’s always experiential, it’s always about looking, it’s always about appearances, but the rhythm of the painting is the way in which I somehow find out whether it’s what I mean.

So it is very process driven.
It is very process driven. There are points in the process where the rhythm carries you with it and that carries me with it through what I call my physical imagination. Finding this place doesn’t come at all easily. Painting is a combination of pictures, pictorialising and painting. And painting is the physical, the direct side of painting. But I need to keep the two completely in balance. However, the one that is to some extent more reliable, is what I call the physical imagination. You could say it’s like asking yourself how you describe or tell the truth. Often a physical manifestation of who you are is more true than what you say.

Because you cant argue with it.
You can’t argue with it, it’s how you are. And therefore the doing side of painting is a powerful test of authenticity.

And thats something that is important to you?
Yes. I think one of the rare things about painting is that it depends entirely on touch. We are naturally interested in touch, we regard it as having a special component of regard and care and interest, rough, careful, tender, tentative; all these things. The piano has a wonderful response to touch, and painting likewise is the most perfect response and record of touch, it is so delicate, so tough and rhythmic.

Galerie Arndt

Installation view: Now Turn the Page, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin 2017

And there is a visual residual.
There is visual evidence of feeling that remains. This isn’t conceptual, this is the physical reality of making painting. And that interests me very much – obviously. Because then the evidence of what you have done may become a picture and then the picture launches you into a different world of memory or implication.

Touching on the word memory, I read that your work Now Turn The Pagereferences your childhood memories and experiences of talking books. This is an interesting point where two senses are merged: something you listen to and something that you see.
Yes exactly. This title just came into my mind one day quite soon after I had completed the picture and it just felt right. Because I had been thinking about music with the previous exhibition “Composer” and I remembered books that we had as children that came with long playing 78 rpm records. It involved listening, and looking, and touching, because you had to turn the page. And when you turned the page you revealed the next picture. The narrator told you the story and you would listen to the music. It was a very, very rich experience. The expression doesn’t mean turning over a new leaf in your life, it’s more to do with anticipation and experience.

So not a disconnection.
No. It is not saying “right I am starting again”. It’s more like – be aware. That’s the reference. And it also implies turning the page of a musical score; in other words you follow. In fact, when I recently found the books online I realised the narrator only says “Turn the page” but I remembered it as “Now turn the page” which puts you exactly in the present where you want to be.


Installation view: Now Turn the Page, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin 2017

Considering your career’s trajectory it is interesting to note that you are coming back to Berlin for this show after having shown in Berlin several times over the years. I would like to end the interview by talking about your connection to Berlin.
We lived in Berlin as guests of the D.A.A.D between 1987 and 1988 before the wall came down. At that time Berlin was an island. We travelled in Poland, East Germany and Czechoslovakia. So it was an immensely valuable lesson in European history. Just as important was meeting my fellow German painters and getting a sense of the difference in status for a painter in Germany compared to my experience in England. I had the sense that, in the way the painters behaved and lived, I was seeing something of a former Europe. There was a role in society. Artists in England seemed more tangential, somehow disorganised.

In terms of recognition?
More of individual recognition. The British system, essentially to generalise, is time and again a tradition of single artists. We don’t form schools, it makes us uncomfortable. But actually what was impressive and important was that there was a type of momentum in German painting at that time in the early 80s. There was contributory discussion and dialogue, not of agreement, more like rivalry, but energetic, with conviction. Conviction about the importance of the medium and importance of art. So I learnt a lot from that. And that followed on from showing in this famous exhibition “Zeitgeist” at Martin-Gropius-Bau in 1982. That was very important for me in my career at that time. I remember on the night of the exhibition in the back room of the Paris Bar and artists and dealers were going from table to table making appointments and sorting out the next decade. And that’s what we did, six months later I went to New York and I was in the blissful position of virtually being able to select my gallery.


Annie Yim and Christopher Le Brun

How do you assess your artistic practice in light of these past experiences?
I am reminded when I come back to Berlin of how much my work is connected and embedded into European culture. Because you will notice in the concert program the inclusion of music by Schoenberg, Scriabin, Rachmaninoff, and Debussy. So that resonance and echo is very important to hear in my work, because that’s what gives colour and range to what I am doing in the present.




A3 EDITORIAL | Marina Cruz


A3 Editorial spoke to Marina Cruz upon the occasion of her solo exhibition “Mend and Amends” art Arndt Art Agency, Berlin. Representing her European solo debut, the show presents a suite of new paintings that continue the Filipino artist’s central topic of dress and the depiction of fabric.

In these works a strong sense of nostalgia is conjured in Cruz’s imagery of worn and used clothing that enlivens connections to her family heritage, but also domestic crafts. Despite being devoid of the human figure, each of her highly detailed paintings of garments spark imagination concerning the life of the absent wearer. In this exclusive interview, the artist discusses her path to becoming an artist, her working processes, and the concept behind her solo exhibition.

Marina Cruz – Mend And Amends

Marina Cruz, Mend And Amends solo exhibition opening at Arndt Art Agency (A3), Berlin, November 2016

What was your path to becoming an artist?

When I was very young, I helped my mother, who is a public school teacher, make visual aids to be used in school. I enjoyed making crafts and projects. At the age of ten I started joining art competitions and then by the time I got to high school, I joined the school art club. When it came to choosing which path to take in college I was pretty convinced I wanted to pursue a creative career. I studied painting at the University of the Philippines, majoring in painting. I always find myself enjoying making art even if it is challenging or difficult at times. It gives me a feeling of accomplishment whenever I get to finish a work or body of new work.

Did you have any inspirational teachers?

The University of the Philippines one of the top Universities in the Philippines. It allowed me to be exposed to different artistic persuasions. The professors have very varied points of view; traditional and conceptual. I got very good training in painting through Prof. Sustiger who taught us the classical ways to paint, following the Masters like Rubens and Rembrandt. We were also taught the very traditional ways of casting by Prof. Madrinan, and printmaking by Prof. Rey Conception. I also had very talented, young professors teaching drawing and visual composition such as José Santos III and Pam Yan. Not to forget the mentorship of Professor Roberto Chabet regarding conceptual frameworks.

Galerie ArndtInstallation view: Marina Cruz, Mend and Amends, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin, 2016

Have you always worked with painting?

Although my major really is painting, I do work with various art forms such as sculpture, prints and installation, and also with objects, photographs and video work. I remember Professor Chabet asking me why I was straying from painting when I was working on my undergraduate thesis. I was working with installations, prints and cast dresses at the time and he reminded me that my strength lies with painting. I love to paint, but also love to explore other art forms at the same time.

You achieve such detailed, realistic smooth surfaces. Can you discuss your working process and technique.

I learned a lot of painting techniques in college. My recent works are photo-based and object-based, like still lifes. I take photos as source material and work on them grid by grid. However, after the initial painting, I focus on the details, looking at the actual material as reference also. There’s a particular methodology in my actual painting process. I work more spontaneously with my compositions. I try a lot of shots and angles with my source photography before I arrive at the image I hope to achieve

MCRU0008_Whites and Blues Torn and Mended by dragonflies_48in x 36in_oil on canvas_2016_opt.jpgImage caption: Marina Cruz, Whites and Blues Torn and Mended by dragonflies, 2016, oil on canvas, 121,92 × 91,44 cm

Your works depict a central subject of clothing and fabric. Can you discuss why you focus on this imagery? You have mentioned that this topic relates to your personal history.

I discovered this central subject; clothing and fabric quite by accident. In 2002, I was looking for a material to add to my printmaking plate, just something for texture. I looked inside my grandmother’s old cabinets searching for mosquito net material that I had in mind and I came across my mother’s old baptismal dress. It was a very surreal experience to unearth this artefact. I was looking at the fabric and the dress and imagining my mother as a tiny fragile baby. The dress was very fragile and brittle as well. It was discoloured and no longer in pristine condition. I found the connection between the ageing of the material and the wearer fascinating. I became fascinated in the ephemeral quality of people and objects.

Marina Cruz – Mend And AmendsMatthias Arndt and Marina Cruz, Berlin, November 2016

Clothing can certainly have strong associations to the memories of the people who have worn them.

Yes, and clothing is the object nearest to the body, its intimate relationship is like a second skin. It hides vulnerabilities and accentuates what we think is beautiful. I made an installation project in 2008-2009 called “Un/Fold” at Ateneo Art Gallery, Manila, where I created a personal archive of almost 100 dresses. I took these dresses, photographed them, and wrote stories and memories that my mother and her siblings told me about the garments on the photo prints. One by one, it was like a revelation of a personal history.

Do you intend to make any comment about the hand craft of making clothes versus the global mass production of clothing? Is this a topic that interests or motivates you?

At first I was just very occupied with working on the theme and subject of clothing as an archive and metaphor for the body. However, if you place this narrative in the global context of mass production you see a lot of contrast and differences in values. This discussion concerning over consumption and production, versus frugality and mindful production and consumption can be read into. I guess I like the questions the work could elicit, but primarily it is not a concern when I make these works.

Galerie ArndtInstallation view: Marina Cruz, Mend and Amends, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin, 2016

What do you hope audiences take away from your work?

At first, I do hope they enjoy the work in its composition, tactile quality, colours and patterns. My hope is for viewers to meditate and look more closely under these garments. Hopefully people reflect on the ‘life’ of things, viewing fabric not just as dresses, but also documents. I encourage audiences to accept and see beauty in the imperfect qualities of the garments, in the tears, the mended areas, stains and colouration changes.

Marina Cruz – Mend And AmendsMarina Cruz, Mend and Amends, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin, 2016

How do you continue to develop and evolve your artistic practice?

I work back and forth with themes that I find authentic for me and work I enjoy. I look closely at works I have created before and develop how I can improve my art practice and subjects. It is always a working progress and discovery along the journey.

Marina Cruz – Mend And AmendsMarina Cruz, Mend and Amends, Arndt Art Agency, Berlin, 2016

You have exhibited extensively throughout Asia in recent years, holding some impressive solo exhibitions. Your solo exhibition art Arndt Art Agency in November 2016 represents your European debut, exposing your work to new audiences.

“Mend and Amends” exposes and explores the idea that imperfections can be beautiful, that one can find alternative meanings by looking closely at an object. It celebrates our vulnerabilities through metaphors of stains, folds, creases, and tears. This exhibition is special to me because this body of work was developed while my grandmother, who made most of the dresses, was still alive, and when completed, my grandmother passed away. Personally something changed in the way I look at these works now. It suddenly dawned on me that “Mend and Amends” is part of my own mourning process.

Galerie Arndt

Mend and Amends continues until the 3rd of March, 2017 at Arndt Art Agency, Berlin.





A3 EDITORIAL | Entang Wiharso


A3 Editorial interviews acclaimed Indonesian artist Entang Wiharso about his professional career path that is strongly intertwined with his fascination in the human condition.

Viewing Indonesia as a nation in transition, Wiharso cites this notion of flux as a trigger, and also inspiration for his work. In the transfer from one medium to the next, and regular travel between America and Asia, this re-assessment of materials and roaming geographical perspective informs the artist’s thought-provoking work. Describing his practice as “full of tension and awareness”, Wiharso’s visual language often engages in critical global issues, at once, enlivening curiosity and disturbance in the viewer. Articulating ideas in paint, sculpture, performance and video work, the artist talks to A3 about the power of recurring symbols and his interest in the language of different materials.

dsc_6432Entang Wiharso at Black Goat Studios,Yogyakarta, 2016

Can you discuss your evolution as an artist?

I have strong memories of growing up and living in Indonesia. The strongest memory is always of being in transition and moving. Indonesia is classified as a developing country and during my life, it has been in transition from an agricultural to an industrial nation. My parents also transitioned during that time from being farmers in rural Tegal to entrepreneurs, opening a food stall in Jakarta. This was not only a physical change, moving from one place to another, but it was also a mental paradigm shift. For college I moved to Yogyakarta and later moved to the US. Now I travel frequently while living between two countries. I believe this condition of living a life that is shifting supports the way I work. Each transition brings an entirely different feeling in my life and art.

Have you always worked in different art forms?

I love working with different materials and mediums because it gives me lots of opportunity. I studied painting in art school, but when I was a child, I created three-dimensional work first because my material came directly from nature. I didn’t have paper until I went to elementary school. My mind was always working in ways that didn’t fit with the system that I was being taught in. When I was in art school, painting, sculpture and printmaking were all separate departments. I was in the painting department but I always wanted to mix painting with sculpture or objects and I did a lot of experimenting even with painting itself. The ideas always felt urgent, so there was a rush to express in my early works. But the curriculum discouraged this approach. I felt like I was standing at the starting line, but couldn’t cross it. I remember traveling on a bus, thinking about these issues and this idea came into my mind and it resulted in a work that combined drawing and painting on carved wood; a synthesis of painting and sculpture.


“The ideas always felt urgent, so there was a rush to express in my early works.”


From the beginning I liked to experiment. Each material gives me opportunities to express my ideas with a very specific purpose. Also, each material has its own language, which also allows me to make a strong, nuanced statement. I feel like my paintings come from my subconscious. I take a lot of information that I see around me and I process it on the canvas. There is freedom in painting and it is a very responsive process. Sculpture and installation rely on a technical, step-by-step process that slows things down. There is more opportunity for editing the visual concept. I always feel like I am moving around, going from place to place, so the way I work with a range of media is a reflection of this reality.

wiharso_inheritance_2014Entang Wiharso, “Feast Table – Being Guest” (2014), aluminum, steel, graphite, resin, color pigment, thread, car paint, 180 cm x 400 cm x 170 cm

Is it an easy process for you to translate your ideas in different media?

I like to resolve or deal with problems when working and the challenge of working across media keeps me focused and passionate. This condition steers my practice as an artist. It is a reflection of my mindset and the way I live on this planet. I believe that there are no limits and the consequence of this outlook is that I deal with the unexpected and therefore do not rely on a set way of working. I try to create a state of being which is full of tension and awareness.

bild-064_optEntang Wiharso, “Borderless: Floating Island” (2011), graphite, resin, steel, brass, pigment, thread, 350 × 750 × 140 cm, Edition 1 of 2 + 2AP

You have commented that you are interested in exploring the human condition through figuration. Can you elaborate on this and perhaps provide examples of some key works?

Every day I deal with my interaction with people and also my interaction with global situations. I want to bring that knowledge and feeling, and also my own opinion and concerns into art. My art is a form of evidence. It is evidence of my experiences and thinking about the world. Part of the evidence I try to capture utilises imagery of the human figure.


“My art is a form of evidence. It is evidence of my experiences and thinking about the world.”


In my work I want to talk about the structure of society. For example when I did the large installation “Indonesia: No Time to Hide” for the Venice Biennale in 2013, I used distortion of the human figure to talk about questioning what is real and what is perception. When I distort portraits of former leaders, I change the orientation of the portrait. Also, people become more curious because there is something disturbing and attractive at the same time. There is an uncomfortable feeling that arises from looking at these portraits. Another example is the way I portray figures in my paintings. I always create figures that are naked to show the marks on the body and psychological impact of events. You can see the skin and through the skin to the blood vessels, muscles and bones. This is a way to show my deepest feeling through a visual code.

wiha0079_installation-view-art-stage-sg-2014_4Entang Wiharso, “Crush Me # 2” (2012), graphite, thread, pigment, lightbulbs, electrical cable, steel, 340 × 650 × 90 cm

What other key themes do you hope to convey in your work?

The human condition is an endless story. It is like standing in front of a mountain and deciding to explore every rock. For a while I’ve been looking at issues of migration and geography as a way to understand the historical underpinning of our current situation. Much of my recent work has an autobiographical content, some of it obvious, while some of it more hidden. The work is about something coming to me or something already inside of me, like history, experience, family, geography, people, politics, culture and so on, and how to deal with that. Those factors run through all of us, they change us and define us.

0024617Entang Wiharso, “Expanded Dream #2” (2011), brass, aluminium, resin, colour pigment, thread, 62 × 200 × 57 cm, edition of 2

Are there recurring symbols that you draw upon in your work?

I’ve been creating bodies of work over time that draw on a visual language and set of codes that carry specific meanings. One example of a recurring symbol in my work is that of the table, which you can see in my paintings, sculptures, performance and video work. I’ve spoken about the table many times, but what I continue to find most interesting and useful about it is that it is an extremely familiar object. It is present at so many important moments in human history and in individual lives. It’s a site of negotiation, of coming together, of sharing. Its design over time reflects cultural norms, fashion and politics. So while it is simple and common, it is quite flexible and can act as a stage upon which I create action. Another recurring symbol, particularly in recent years, is the car which also functions as a platform or stage in my work.


How important is it for your work to include an Indonesian context?

I never think that I want to include an Indonesian context in my work. I do not need to perform my “Javanese-ness” or “Indonesian-ness” in my art because it exists inside me. I think the presence of an “Indonesian-ness” can be a form of resistance to the uniformity of global art. An Indonesian context is not a strategy to explore identity issues or to create a sense of “localness”, or a negotiation with the market. It is a dissection of the issue of history and tradition through a new investigation, a new survey. Through my work I want to apply history and tradition in a new formation. Even when I travel far away from my home, or move around the planet for my work, people want to tie me to an Indonesian context. This is a heavy burden for me as an artist. I don’t want to be put into a box or have people create borders around me. In my work, I resist the ways that tradition and history are normally perceived, explained and used to frame my identity and ideology.


“I don’t want to be put into a box or have people create borders around me.”


What are some of your proudest career moments to date?

There is no doubt that participating in the 55th Venice Biennale in 2013 was an important and historical platform. The interesting thing for me is that all these stages are important. When you get there it is a real achievement, but once you get there, you have to move on. I am always looking forward and thinking about how to engage and create a dialogue with the audience. I think today artists have to be free thinking and ready to work in a variety of ways and take risks.

11_opEntang Wiharso, “Indonesia: No Time to Hide”, Indonesian pavilion, 55th Venice Biennale, 2013

What do you attribute the recent rise in interest in Southeast Asian contemporary art to on an international scale?

The platforms have changed. People recognize that the centres of production that they understood to exist 30 years ago are no longer isolated or dominant, either geographically or economically. And so they are finally curious to look beyond the familiar.

You founded Black Goat Studios based in Yogyakarta in 1993. Can you explain a bit about it and what you hope to achieve through this initiative?

Black Goat Studios is a mechanism and framework to accommodate my creative practice in both the US and Indonesia. The name came about through work I was doing around issues of identity. I was thinking about my status in both these countries and my inability to fit into either comfortably. It was a way to change my feeling of being an object to being a subject.

My studio is a flexible institution because it is personal and transformable; it can expand and contract to suit my projects and needs. My studio is a laboratory for work in progress, where I conduct experiments, make observations, analyze and collaborate. The function of my studio is also more than a workspace – it is an office, library and workshop. In my creative process I often use my studio like a laboratory, testing materials, making observations about my data, analyzing and experimenting to make well-developed conclusions that support my intentions. I also support my community in Yogyakarta by creating projects that facilitate other artists’ practice.


Entang Wiharso, “Coalition: Never Say No” (2015), aluminium, car paint, 200 x 300 cm

You are very interested in collaboration and were recently included in a two-person exhibition in Jakarta with Australian artist Sally Smart. Can you discuss the concept behind this show and collaborative project?

Sally and I decided to create this project together. It came out of our friendship and a desire to produce a joint project where the collaboration stems from intensive conversation rather than through collaborative art work. We wanted a framework where the collaboration expands, rather than contracts. The collaborative aspect was through conversation and a joint exploration of ideas that have been discussed endlessly through human history. We picked up these threads and discussed the exploration of essential ideas that we all experience and struggle to understand. From conversation to conversation there was a growing consciousness and a meaningful proximity that led to the first exhibition in Jakarta. We are moving the project to Australia this coming November and I will be in Melbourne working on Sally’s turf as we continue our conversation.

double-headedEntang Wiharso, “Double Headed” (2016), aluminium, care paint, resin, colour pigment, thread, 145 × 240 cm

What are you working on currently?

At the moment I am working on a series of aluminium reliefs that are a form of self-portrait. They are painted and highly detailed featuring images from my personal archive, including many cars relating to my American family history. With this new direction, the glossiness has the quality of painted ceramic which is in contrast to areas where the raw material is exposed. This highlights two different characteristics of being simultaneously covered and exposed. I can see the tension between these two aspects and want to keep pushing in this direction.




A3 EDITORIAL | Philipp Bollmann


Appointed curator the of the prestigious Berlin Masters exhibition in 2016, Philipp Bollmann speaks with A3 about his new role and the changing face the show in its fourth edition.

Berlin Masters runs from the 9th to the 23rd of October 2016 at Arndt Art Agency, Berlin, and includes the work of: Franziska Beilfuß, Walker Brengel, Lisa Drost, Timon & Melchior Grau, Henri Haake, Rafael Ibarra, Yuni Kim, Manuel Kirsch, Lilia Kovka, Phillip Lüttjohann, Olivia Parkes, Anja Spitzer, Björn Streeck.

Galerie Arndt

Installation view: Berlin Masters 2016, Arndt Art Agency (A3), Berlin

Can you discuss your background in the arts and working as a curator?

My passion for art was triggered during a school exchange in America when I was 16. I had such an inspiring art teacher who made me want to study art history. So, after finishing high school I went to Berlin to do so. I also worked for a well known gallery, but most importantly for me was meeting Heiner Wemhöner at that time who asked me to work for his collection. This was eight years ago. Since then I have been very happy to see how the Wemhöner Collection continues to develop and grow. I publish books about different focal points of the collection and curated exhibitions – also for galleries and museums. My next upcoming exhibition for example will open in October. It’s about how important contemporary artists are influenced by Joseph Beuys.

Berlin Masters

Matthias Arndt, officially opening Berlin Masters 2016 at Arndt Art Agency (A3), Berlin

You have been appointed curator of the prestigious group exhibition Berlin Masters that is in its 4th edition in 2016. Can you tell me a little about the concept of the exhibition, its history and what it hopes to achieve?

Berlin Masters was initiated in 2013 by Matthias Arndt and the curators Lisa Polten and Lydia Korndörfer. The project aimed to provide a platform and talent show for Berlin’s young artists. The main objective of the project is to facilitate the entry into the professional art world for living artists in Berlin after their completion of their studies. Now after three successful years, we think it’s time to build an even bigger base for the exhibition format. Every show, starting with this year’s edition, will have a curatorial theme for example. Currently, we are also in negotiations for a bigger space next year and we are planning a Berlin Masters Award.

Berlin Masters

Berlin Masters 2016 opening party at Arndt Art Agency (A3), Berlin

How important do you feel it is to support the emerging next generation of artists?

Very important of course. I think if you are interested in contemporary art you are a very curious person. And what is more exciting, is being able to discover the new Gerhard Richter or Peter Doig of tomorrow. I also think that each generation at each time has certain questions to ask and certain walls to tear down. So we all have to focus on young art for a better understanding of where we art right now – in culture as well as in society.

Galerie Arndt

Installation view: Berlin Masters 2016, Arndt Art Agency (A3), Berlin

Can you discuss the curatorial rationale behind BM 2016?

I was a little bit irritated when I visited the two art schools in Berlin searching for talent. We live in very tense times today. You may think of the Brexit and the emergence of nationalism all over Europe. You may also think about the refugees and about someone like Donald Trump who has a chance to become president of the United States. So I was questioning why none of this seemed to have any impact on the young artists. My explanation for that is that they don’t want to engage in “political art”, but of course everyone is very aware of what is going on. They just don’t want to directly communicate with daily politics. All displayed works in the exhibition are united by the idea of understanding silence as an attitude, from which a certain strength originates. Silence, as a point of departure, is a recurrent aesthetic throughout the last hundred years which is not, as one may believe, characterized by absence and disinterest, but which takes a firm stand – albeit a subtle and quiet one.

Galerie Arndt

Installation view: Berlin Masters 2016, Arndt Art Agency (A3), Berlin

Can you describe some of the works in the show that embody these ideas?

Manuel Kirsch for example reacts with his large-scale, monochrome screen printings of toilet paper patterns, on the one hand humorous towards Minimal Art, on the other hand, he directs our attention to everyday commodities and ennobles the aesthetic of a throw-away-product to a work of art. Another artist participating in this year’s edition of Berlin Masters is Phillip Lüttjohann who presents a similar gesture. He “abstracts the colour” of commercially available food packaging and therefore reduces the function of product design and advertisement to absurdity, which aims to attract the consumer’s attention. Moreover, the question arises for the viewer as to whether the objects actually contain the contents outlined on the food packaging. The reference seems likely to Piero Manzoni who proclaimed with his artwork “Merda d’artista” (1961), filling his own excrement in cans.